Nobel Laureate Edward Moser Speaks at the 4th Lecture of the "Nobel Prize Forum" of NWU and appointed as an Emeritus Professor
Edward Moser, the 2014 Nobel Laureate in Physiology, a psychologist and neuroscientist, founding director of the Institute of Neuroscience and the Memory Biology Center of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, gave a lecture entitled "Space and Time in the Brain" on Taibai Campus, which marked the fourth lecture of the “Nobel Prize Forum” held at Northwest University. President Guo Lihong presented the certificate of “Emeritus Professor of NWU” to Edward Moser. The appointment ceremony was presided over by Chang Jiang, member of the Standing Committee of the NWU Party Committee and Vice President. Lv Jianrong, member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee and director of the NWU Party Office attended the event together with heads of the relevant departments and offices. Over 600 teachers and students from NWU, Xi'an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi'an Engineering University and NWU Affiliated Middle School listened to the lecture.
President Guo Lihong introduced the development of NWU and expressed his hope that Professor Moser would continue to support the development of NWU and engage in further cooperation and exchanges for the development of biology at NWU. President Guo stated that NWU would continue to host high-level academic activities including the "Nobel Prize Forum" to carry forward the scientific spirit and spread academic ideas and promote the “Double First-Class” construction of NWU.
In his lecture, Edward Moser explained the frontier research on brain mechanism studies he made over the past decade. First, he raised the question: "How do we know where we are? How do we find the route from one place to the other? How do we store this information so that we can find the way when we return to the old place?" Based on this thought, in 1971, John O'Keefe discovered the first component of this positioning system. Thirty years later, Edward Moser and Mai-Brit Moser discovered another key component of the brain's localization system---a nerve cell named "grid cells", which formed a coordinate system that allows the creature to make precise positioning and path finding. These "grid cells" provide the brain with "coordinates" that correspond to latitude and longitude. Together with the location cells, they form the brain's intrinsic navigation system, allowing the organism to accurately sense its position. He and his two students as a team won the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Edward Moser continued to share his latest research on time positioning and brain perception, which further revealed the brain cognitive mechanism of time and the scientific significance of the brain's cognitive function. He also shared the frontier research on artificial intelligence. His lab tried to improve the computational cognitive ability of artificial intelligence (AI) through the computational mechanism of the human brain. When it came to his research and personal development experience, he encouraged teachers and students to find suitable realms for their own research so as to maximize their potential and achieve self-worth.
The “Nobel Prize Forum”, which was initiated in October, 2017, aims to broaden the vision of teachers and students, promote the development of disciplines, approach the frontier trends, extend foreign exchanges and cooperation, accelerate the process of internationalization of NWU and consequentially enhance the construction of “double first-class” at NWU. Speakers for the “Nobel Prize Forum” also include Michael Levitt, the 2013 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Professor of Structural Biology at Stanford University, member of the National Academy of Sciences; Professor Richard R. Schrock, 2005 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, a professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, national academy of Sciences; and Shuji Nakamura, winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics and Professor of Materials, Faculty of Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara.